Word Families

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Word families are groups of words that have a common feature or pattern – they have some of the same combinations of letters in them and a similar sound. For example, at, cat, hat, and fat are a family of words with the “at” sound and letter combination in common.

The 37 most common word families in English (according to Wylie and Durrell) are: ack, ain, ake, ale, all, ame, an, ank, ap, ash, at, ate, aw ay, eat, ell, est, ice, ick, ide, ight, ill, in, ine, ing, ink, ip, it, ock, oke, op, ore, ot, uck ,ug, ump, unk.  We do not study all of these word families. The following is a list of the word families introduced in kindergarten.  We may add more toward the end of the school year.

an

an
ban
bran
can
clan
Dan
fan
Fran
ran
span
tan

at

at
bat
cat
chat
fat
flat
hat
mat
pat
rat
sat
tat
that
vat

 en

Ben
den
hen
men
pen
ten
wren

et

bet get jet   let met net pet set vet wet

ig

big dig fig gig jig pig rig wig zig

it

bit
fit
grit
hit
it
kit
lit
pit
quit
sit
wit

ot

 cot dot got hot  jot    lot  not pot  rot   tot

ox

box fox  lox pox sox

ug

bug dug hug jug  lug mug pug rug tug

ut

but cut gut hut nut put rut  tut