Language Arts

Text structure is our next standard.  There are 5 types of structures that authors use to build their writing:  cause and effect, compare and contrast, description, problem and solution, and chronological order (sequence).  Text structure refers to how the information within a written text is organized. This strategy helps students understand that a text might present a main idea and details; a cause and then its effects; and/or different views of a topic.

Image result for text structure

Flocabulary video on text structure
Learning about text structure
Cause and Effect

After theme we will be moving on to allusions.  An allusion is when a person or author makes an indirect reference in speech, text, or song to an event or figure. Often the allusions made are to past events or figures, but sometimes allusions are made to current famous people or events.  Most of the allusions we will cover will come from Greek Mythology.  We will wrap up our study of allusions on Wednesday December 19 with a Greek Mythology dress up day.  Info emailed out on Monday, November 26 and sent home in Tuesday folders on Tuesday November 27.  Allusions are not an essential standard, so there will not be an opportunity for a retest.  Please click for the Greek Mythology Wax Museum project.Please click for the Greek Mythology Wax Museum project

Allusions video
Allusions powerpoint
Examples of allusions

Use the following websites to research your mythology character:   click on the pictures

We are now working on theme.  Test is November 14.  This is an essential standard, so a retest will be offered.  The retest will be Tuesday, November 27.

Theme is “THE ME”ssage, universal truth, or central idea, about people, life and the world we live in that the author wants the reader to understand.  Many writers consider the THEME before they begin the writing process.  They ask themselves, “What message do I want to convey to my reader?”  The theme is a message that you can find and apply to your own life.  A universal theme has broad appeal and is about an emotion or problem that is common to all people and cultures.  Universal means that it applies to anyone, anywhere, at anytime, and it will not include the character’s name.

Theme is often confused with PLOT or TOPIC of the story.
Example:  Cinderella
topic – A poor girl marries a prince.
theme – Never give up on your dreams.
Example:  Charlotte’s Web
topic – A talking spider helps a pig.
theme – True friendship can’t be beat.

Common theme statements:
Always be kind to others
Money can’t buy happiness
Good can come from bad
Persistence pays off
Crime doesn’t pay
Be careful what you wish for
Don’t judge people by their appearances
Love conquers all
Sacrifice brings reward
Honesty is the best policy
Human beings all have the same needs
Accept other’s differences
You can do anything you put your mind to
Hard work will be rewarded
Family is important

Inferencing retest is Thursday, October 25.

We are beginning our next unit, Drama, Poetry, and Prose on Tuesday, October 16.  Students will explain the major differences between drama, poetry, and prose and refer to the structural elements of poems (stanza, verse, rhythm, and meter) and drama (cast of characters, dialogue, setting, stage directions) when writing or speaking about a text.  Drama, poetry and prose is not an essential standard therefore will not be retested.

Prose is ordinary language written in sentences and paragraphs that may include dialogue.  Most of the literature we read is written in prose.
Drama can also be called a play.  In its written form, a play contains a cast of characters, dialogue and stage directions.  Dramas may be organized in scenes and acts.
Poetry is an expressive form of writing.  It allows the author to share an idea or insight with others in a meaningful way.  Poetry is not written in sentences and paragraphs like prose.  Instead it uses different structures making it interesting to read.

Our next standard is referring to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.  We will test inferencing on Friday, October 12.  We will be questioning as we read to help draw conclusions, make predictions, and reflect on our reading.  Inferencing uses clues from the story and what we already know (schema) to figure out what the author is saying.  Here is a great video we will watch in class on inferencing.  Inferencing is an essential standard and therefore students will be given an opportunity to retest.

Here is an inferencing powerpoint we will watch in class.
Here is an inferencing game you can play to practice making inferences.
Inferencing Jeopardy game
Pixar video – Partly Cloudy

Thinking Stems:
I think…
I’m guessing…
It means…

Main idea tests “Flying with a Tiger” have been graded and entered in HAC.  Any student scoring a 70 or below will automatically take a retest on Friday, September 28.  Any student scoring above a 70 will have the option to retest.  Students who are retesting will need to complete the reteach packet and review all main idea assignments sent home in Tuesday folders.

We are working on describing in depth a character’s traits drawing on specific details in the text (a character’s thoughts, actions, words and feelings) and describing in depth a setting or event, drawing on specific details.  There will not be a summative test on these standards, however we will have a quiz on Thursday, September 27.

We took our second test on context clues – A Golden Vase.  Tests should be coming home in Tuesday folders 9/11/8.  Any student receiving a 70 or below will automatically receive a retest packet and an opportunity to retest on Friday, 9/14/18.  All other students receiving a 70 or higher were also given the opportunity to retest.  Reteach packets were sent home today on 9/10/18.  We are now working on finding the main idea and supporting details in a passage.  Here’s a fun game to practice main idea.  Room Recess
Main idea test will be Tuesday, September 18.

Your child has the opportunity to retest the first context clues test.  Please have your child review their notes on context clues in their reading journal, review any context clues classwork that came home in Tuesday folders, and complete the Gabby Douglas passage and questions.  This assignment is due the day of the retest, which is Thursday, September 6.

We are still working on context clues using fiction and nonfiction passages.  We will have another context clues assessment (in fiction text) on Friday, August 31.

This week we are studying context clues.  Context clues are words or groups of words that give clues about the meaning of an unknown word.  You can use context clues in a sentence or paragraph to determine the meaning of an unknown word in any type of reading passage.  Context clues can show up in text as examples, definitions, synonyms, antonyms, or contrasts.  Sometimes the general context or feel of the writing can also provide clues that help readers determine the meaning of unknown words.

Our summative assessment on context clues in nonfiction text will be Friday, August 24.